He plays Franco , a multimedia artist much like himself,  who comes to Port Charles to do an art exhibition and becomes obsessed with Jason Morgan Steve Burton. A former girlfriend, Violet Paley, also alleged that Franco once forced her to give him oral sex in a car while they were dating. Ideas National syndicalism Class collaboration Hispanidad. Something about the Author, Volume
Chief editors were nominated by the government and all journalists were required to be registered. All liberal, republican and left-wing media were prohibited. The Delegación Nacional de Prensa y Propaganda was established as a network of government media, including daily newspapers Arriba and Pueblo.
The EFE and Pyresa government news agencies were created in and The Radio Nacional de España state radio had the exclusive right to transmit news bulletins, which all broadcasters were required to air. The No-Do were minute newsreels shown at all cinemas. The Televisión Española , the government television network, debuted in The Press Law dropped the prior censorship regime and allowed media outlets to select their own directors, although criticism was still a crime.
The Civil War had ravaged the Spanish economy. Infrastructure had been damaged, workers killed and daily business severely hampered. For more than a decade after Franco's victory, the economy improved little. Franco initially pursued a policy of autarky , cutting off almost all international trade. The policy had devastating effects and the economy stagnated. Only black marketeers could enjoy an evident affluence. In , the "Vertical Trade Union" was created. It was inspired by the ideas of José Antonio Primo de Rivera , who thought that class struggle would be ended by grouping together workers and owners according to corporative principles.
It was the only legal trade union and was under government control. On the brink of bankruptcy, a combination of pressure from the United States, the IMF and technocrats from Opus Dei managed to "convince" the regime to adopt a free market economy in in what amounted to a mini coup d'état which removed the old guard in charge of the economy, despite the opposition of Franco.
However, this economic liberalisation was not accompanied by political reforms and oppression continued unabated. Economic growth picked up after after Franco took authority away from these ideologues and gave more power to the liberal technocrats. The country implemented several development policies and growth took off creating the " Spanish Miracle ". Concurrent with the absence of social reforms and the economic power shift, a tide of mass emigration commenced to European countries and to lesser extent to South America.
Emigration helped the régime in two ways: During the s, Spain experienced further increases in wealth. International firms established their factories in Spain: Spain became the second fastest-growing economy in the world, just behind Japan.
The rapid development of this period became known as the Spanish Miracle. At the time of Franco's death, Spain still lagged behind most of Western Europe, but the gap between its GDP per capita and that of the major Western European economies had greatly narrowed. In world terms, Spain was already enjoying a fairly high material standard of living with basic but comprehensive services.
However, the period between the mids and mids was to prove difficult as in addition to the oil shocks to which Spain was highly exposed, the settling of the new political order took priority over the modernising of the economy. In Spain and abroad, the legacy of Franco remains controversial. In Germany, a squadron named after Werner Mölders has been renamed because as a pilot he led the escorting units in the bombing of Guernica.
As recently as , the BBC reported that Maciej Giertych , an MEP of the right-wing League of Polish Families , had expressed admiration for Franco's stature who allegedly "guaranteed the maintenance of traditional values in Europe". Spanish opinion has changed. Several statues of Franco and other public Francoist symbols have been removed, with the last statue in Madrid coming down in The Law of the Historical Memory of Spain Ley de la memoria histórica de España was passed in  as an attempt to enforce official recognition of the crimes committed against civilians during Franco's rule and to organise under state supervision the search for mass graves.
Investigations have begun into wide-scale child abduction during the Franco years. The lost children of Francoism may reach , At the conclusion of the Spanish Civil War and in spite of the army's reorganisation, several sections of the army continued with their bi-colour flags improvised in , but since new ensigns began to be distributed, whose main innovation was the addition of the eagle of John the Evangelist to the shield.
The new arms were allegedly inspired in the coat of arms the Catholic Monarchs adopted after the taking of Granada from the Moors , but replacing the arms of Sicily with those of Navarre and adding the Pillars of Hercules on either side of the coat of arms.
In , the columns were placed outside the wings. On 26 July , the commander's ensigns were suppressed by decree and on 11 October a detailed regulation of flags was published that fixed the model of the bi-colour flag in use, but better defined its details, emphasising a greater [ clarification needed ] style of the Saint John's eagle. The models established by this decree remained in force until During this period, two more flags were usually displayed along with the national flag: From the death of Franco in until , the national flag followed the regulations.
From to , Franco used the Castilian Bend like the version of Charles I as head of state's standard and guidon: As Prince of Spain from to , Juan Carlos I used a royal standard which was virtually identical to the one later adopted when he became King in The earlier standard differed only that it featured the royal crown of a Crown Prince, the King's royal crown has 8 arches of which 5 are visible, while the Prince's one has only 4 arches of which 3 are visible.
The Royal Standard of Spain consists of a dark blue square with the Coat of arms of the King in the centre. The King's guidon is identical to the standard, differing it in that it incorporates a fringe.
Royal Standard of the Prince of Spain — The arms are crowned with an open royal crown, placed on eagle displayed sable, surrounded with the pillars of Hercules, the yoke and the bundle of arrows of the Catholic Monarchs". Coat of arms of Francisco Franco — Coat of arms of the Prince of Spain — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Spain under Franco. For the current Spanish state, see Spain. Marcha Granadera "Grenadier March". Territories and colonies of the Spanish State: Burgos — Madrid — Nationalist faction Spanish Civil War.
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Inquisition and Extermination in 20th century Spain , p. Churchill , Step by Step London: Odhams Press, pp. Neutrality and Commitment in the Struggle that Divided America. Retrieved 30 November A Biography , pp. Franco and the Unification April ", p. Roberto Cantalupo, Fu la Spagna: A Military History of Modern Spain.
The Franco Regime, — University of Wisconsin Pres. Past, Present, Future , p. From Franco to the Constitutional Monarchy , p. Past, Present, Future p. Policies, Programs, and Growing Popular Unrest.
En el combate por la historia: Archived from the original on Women's organizing within the Catholic Church in Franco's Spain". Women's Studies International Forum. Ordinary Lives in Franco's Spain, — Retrieved 23 April Accessed 26 August Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 6 October Empire Golden Age Economic Military.
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Entitled "Collage" and described as a "mixed-media piece", the show featured live dance, theater, music, and poetry.
Tickets were free but were distributed on a first-come, first-served basis. In February , Franco wrote an article in The New York Times in support of the metamodernist performance art of Shia LaBeouf , describing LaBeouf's project as one "in which a young man in a very public profession tries to reclaim his public persona". The title alludes to a poem made by Franco into a short film by Frank Bidart , who has served as friend and mentor to Franco. In September , Franco announced he would be teaching an eight-part film class to high school students at Palo Alto High School.
The class began on September 13, In addition to that, Franco has also claimed to have been strongly misquoted by reports in the media  and news outlets reporting erroneous information about him. I've been perceived as this guy yelling, 'Hey, look at me.
I'm not going to school to get articles written about me. I'm just going to school. But the fact that I'm going to school or that someone takes a picture of me sleeping is like, 'We're gonna jump on that and criticize him for his antics'. I'm going to school. I hosted the Oscars. I take these projects seriously. Franco has deliberately garnered a reputation for publishing " selfies " self-shot photos of oneself, alone or with others and wrote an explanatory article for The New York Times in December But a well-stocked collection of selfies seems to get attention.
And attention seems to be the name of the game when it comes to social networking. In this age of too much information at a click of a button, the power to attract viewers amid the sea of things to read and watch is power indeed. It's what the movie studios want for their products, it's what professional writers want for their work, it's what newspapers want — hell, it's what everyone wants: In April , Shalom Life ranked Franco and his brother, Dave, together as number two on its list of 50 talented and attractive Jewish men.
In other forms of media, a Chicago-based theater company, Under the Gun Theater , developed a show inspired by and titled after Franco. The production of Dear James Franco used, parodied and deconstructed letters penned to or by celebrities. The performances used improvisation to satirize their subject matter. Franco has described himself as Jewish;  regarding his secular upbringing, he told The Guardian that he feels as if he has "missed out on the Jewish experience", but has been told not to worry about that by his Jewish friends and said in the same interview that he likes "the idea of religion as a source of community".
When asked if he was a "believer", he responded, "In God? To a certain extent. It's a complicated question. Due to his support for the LGBT community, and his portrayal of gay characters in his projects, Franco's sexuality has been a subject of discussion in media sources, relentlessly questioning if he himself is gay. In response to questions regarding his sexuality, he insists he finds plenty more dimensions to the characters than their bedroom proclivities. Sailors would fuck guys all the time, but as long as they behaved in masculine ways, they weren't considered gay.
In , a year-old girl posted screenshots of alleged messages between her and Franco on Instagram. Franco sent multiple pictures of himself to prove his real identity. Franco admitted on Live! With Kelly and Michael that he had written the messages. A former girlfriend, Violet Paley, also alleged that Franco once forced her to give him oral sex in a car while they were dating. On January 11, the Los Angeles Times reported five additional women were accusing James Franco of inappropriate or sexually exploitative behavior while serving as their acting teacher.
One former student stated that Franco "would always make everybody think there were possible roles on the table if we were to perform sexual acts or take off our shirts" in his projects.
Another stated that Franco held a sex scenes class and removed students' vaginal guards while simulating oral sex with them. Franco's attorney, Michael Plonsker, disputed these women's allegations. Franco, dissatisfied with his career's direction,  reenrolled at UCLA in autumn as an English major with a creative writing concentration. He received permission to take as many as 62 course credits per quarter compared to the normal limit of 19,  while still continuing to act, receiving many of his credits from independent study for his involvement on the set of Spider-Man 3.
He received his undergraduate degree in June with a GPA of 3. To continue acting, he would study on film sets. He was selected as the commencement speaker at his alma mater, UCLA , and was to speak at the ceremony on June 12, Several months before commencement, an editorial in the student newspaper questioned his "caliber" and a student created a Facebook page protesting the choice.
Franco opted against watching the Academy Award nominees' being announced where he was a top contender in favor of attending class. It was announced in March that Franco will teach a fall semester course on modifying poetry into short films to ten to twelve third-year graduate film students at NYU.
The course will focus mainly on production, meaning that the students will be in charge of creating their own film based on poetry. When asked about his education, Franco said that he loves school, and that it keeps him focused and grounded. I'm studying things that I love so it's not like it's a chore", he told The Washington Post , according to a New York Magazine article.
Pineapple Express producer Judd Apatow has said of him: We used to laugh because in between takes he'd be reading The Iliad on set. We still haven't read The Iliad. It was a very difficult book. With him, it was always James Joyce or something". Franco admitted to missing most of his classes that semester. Franco defended himself when he was on the Howard Stern Show , stating that he had spoken with the professor before the semester began on how he would have to miss most classes to film Hours , in which they had settled on Franco receiving a "D" in the course together.
Franco has said "aiding others is the key to life, the key to happiness and, as an actor, you can get wrapped up in yourself and your career A little secret is one of the greatest ways to break that is to stop thinking about yourself for a second". At her suggestion, he started volunteering at the charity Art of Elysium, where she also volunteers, which helps children with serious medical conditions.
He said the experience helped save his life. Franco became involved with Dave Eggers ' National after Eggers asked him to do a conceptual idea for the program, and he directed a documentary for them and has since been a supporter of them.
At the event, he spoke about how he thought schools needed to be more original with their literature programs. Franco received the Piaget Award of Inspiration for his humanitarian work and contributions to men's style. The award was presented to him in recognition of his unwavering support of the LGBT community. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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